Ubuntu 18.04 LTS codenamed “Bionic Beaver” is the latest release of Ubuntu Linux Distribution, has been released and announced by Canonical, On April 26. As seventh long-term support, it will be supported with security and software updates for 5 years, until April 2023, during which it will receive no less than five maintenance updates, each one bringing updated kernel and graphics stacks from newer Ubuntu releases.
Ubuntu 18.04 LTS come with new features and several changes. starting from installation, developer added a “Minimal Install” option in the graphical installer that lets users install without most of the regular software. users just get a firefox web browser and a handful of standard utilities. using the X.Org Server as default display server instead of Wayland, which was used in Ubuntu 17.10. But user can still use Wayland by selecting “Ubuntu on Wayland” option from the login screen.
For desktop, Ubuntu 18.04 LTS ships with the latest GNOME desktop 3.28 series as default desktop environment that redesigned the look and feel of the Unity desktop, which it implemented since Ubuntu 17.10 released. The Nautilus file manager as part of GNOME stays at version 3.26, now it features a darkish appearance on the left sidebar. The LightDM login manager was also replaced with GNOME’s GDM display manager, using virtual terminal 7 by default instead of virtual terminal 1.
Moreover, Ubuntu 18.04 LTS uses GNOME’s on-screen virtual keyboard by default instead of Onboard, and there’s now a whole different selection of apps pre-installed in the live ISO image. New apps included in Ubuntu 18.04 LTS since Ubuntu 16.04 LTS are GNOME To Do.
Powered by the latest Linux Kernel 4.15 series, which means that it offers support for the latest hardware components available on the market. Also Integrates with canonical livepatch for rebootless kernel updates, it mean ubuntu user can install a critical Linux kernel update without rebooting the system, to activated this feature required ubuntu SSO account.
the Ubuntu Software app now lets you easily switch between different Snap Store channels. More than 3,000 Snaps are available for installation from the Snap Store, including popular apps likes Firefox, Spotify, Skype, and Slack.
As far as the app selection goes, we can mention that GNOME Calendar now supports weather forecasts, the GNOME Characters app is included as a replacement for the older Character Map utility, and GNOME Boxes now uses spice-vdagent to offer better performance for Spice clients. LibreOffice 6.0 is default office suite, Mozilla Firefox 59.0.2 default web browser, and OpenJDK 10 is the default JRE/JDK.
Canonical dropped support for 32-bit Ubuntu Desktop installations with the Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) release, It now only available for 64-bit PCs on the Desktop, but it supports the 64-bit (amd64), ARM64 (AArch64), IBM System z (s390x), PPC64el (Power PC 64-bit Little Endian), and Raspberry Pi 2/ARMhf architectures on the Server.